Florida Medical Marijuana Glossary

Glossary

Below is a list of definitions for terms that are used on this site as well as terms that are used in the medical marijuana industry in Florida and in general.

Bud
Bud refers to female cannabis flowers that have been trimmed and dried out for use.
Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. There are currently 85 known cannabinoids and scientist are still searching for new cannabinoids. The human body has cannabinoid receptors, that when stimulated with cannaboids, like those from the cannabis plant, can produce a variety of effects including pain relief and other psychoactive effects. THC is the most widely known of the cannabinoids, not only because of it's abundance in the cannabis plant, but also because it is known as the chemical in marijuana that produces the psychoactive effect.
Cannabis
Cannabis is a plant genus of flowering plants that are native to Asia and includes three main species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Marijuana is the more commonly used term for cannabis, although it usually only refers to the female plants and their dried buds.
Caregiver
Generally speaking a caregiver is a person who takes care of another person, usually because the person is unable to take care of themselves due to sickness, age or disability. In the marijuana industry caregivers are people who can buy and possess medical marijuana on behalf of a patient. In many states caregivers are also allowed to grow cannabis plants for the medical marijuana patient, however in Florida this is not the case. In Florida's medical marijuana program a caregiver is specifically defined as a person who is at least twenty-one (21) years old who has agreed to assist with a qualifying patient's medical use of marijuana and has qualified for and obtained a caregiver identification card issued by the Florida Department of Health. Also in Florida the Department of Health may limit the number of qualifying patients a caregiver may assist at one time and the number of caregivers that a qualifying patient may have at one time, and caregivers in Florida are prohibited from consuming marijuana obtained for medical use by the qualifying patient.
CBD
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of the main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, and is usually second in abundance behind THC in volume for most cannabis plants. CBD has been proven effective in helping to relieve pain, inflammation, and anxiety. CBD also counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC and other cannabinoids.
Concentrates
Concentrates are a more potent form of marijuana in which the cannabinoids of the plant are extracted. Concentrates come in varying forms and potency. Concentrates are often mixed in with other ingredients to make other products like marijuana butter (marijuana extract mixed with butter,) or safflower oil (and other oils) to make tincture with.
Delivery Device
According to the Florida Department of Health's Office of Medical Marijuana Use a delivery device is an object intended for use or designed for use in preparing, storing, ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing low-THC cannabis or medical marijuana into the body.
Dispensary
A dispensary is an organization that dispenses medical marijuana to patients. In Florida dispensaries are referred to as MMTCs, short for Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers.
Evaluation
An evaluation refers to a medical assessment made by a licensed physician who is certified by the State's medical marijuana program in which the physician assesses whether or not a patient may benefit from the use of medical marijuana.
Flowers
Flowers are the part of the cannabis plant that contain the calyx and pistils (or hairs). Flowers are also known as colas. The flower is also the part of the plant that contains the most cannabinoids and are often the only part of the plant that is kept when the plant is harvested.
Hybrid
Hybrid plants are cannabis plants that have been crossed from one or more heirloom strains. Most hybrids will be a mix of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. And most hybrids will also be derived from hybrids themselves with cannabis breeders selecting different characteristics that they like from each strain mixing them together.
Hydroponic
Hydroponic is a way of growing cannabis (or any plant) in a medium other than soil. The plant is grown in water with fertilizers added, and a system is setup to keep the roots moist with this solution. There are many different hydroponic systems such as ebb and flow, aquaponics, areoponics, NFT, and many others. Hydroponics are known for having cleaner flavors with less "earthy" tones.
Indica
Indica, formally known as Cannabis indica, is a species of cannabis that is predominantly from the Middle East and Asia regions. Indicas are known for their high CBD and more "relaxing" feeling and include strains with names such as "Kush" or "Afghan". The Cannabis indica plants tend to be shorter and bushier with wider leafs than their Cannabis sativa counterparts.
Keif
Keif is the trichomes or "crystals" on the cannabis plant after they are removed and separated from the bud in a process known as "dekeifing". This keif can then be concentrated even more or used as a concentrate in edibles and other products.
Kush
Kush refers to a line of Cannabis indica strains that originate from Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan and Afghanistan and are known for their dense buds and earthy aromas.
Landrace
Landrace refers to cannabis strains that hail from specific geographical areas and are often named after the geographical locations where they originate from. Examples include Afghani, Hawaiian, Mexican, Thai and many others.
Low-THC
Low-THC is cannabis that has low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and much higher levels of cannabidiol (CBD). Because of it's low levels of THC, the psychoactive compound of the plant, and high levels of CBD, an anti-psychotic compound that counteracts the effects of THC, low-THC cannabis does not give the user as much of a "high" feeling. According to the Florida medical marijuana law a cannabis plant is defined as low-THC if it contains less than 0.8% THC and at least 10% CBD, and any derivatives of the plant that are sold must also contain equally low THC and high CBD such as resins, extracts, concentrates and mixtures.
Marijuana
Marijuana is traditionally used as a slang term for cannabis but these days is more commonly known and used than the formal term cannabis. Marijuana usually refers to female cannabis plants as only female plants yield an abundance of cannabinoids which is the component of the cannabis plant that has medicinal and psychotropic effects. In Florida's medical marijuana program the term "marijuana" has the meaning cannabis given in Section 893.02(3), Florida Statutes (2014), and, in addition, "Low- THC cannabis" as defined in Section 381.986(1)(b), Florida Statutes (2014), is also included in the meaning of the term "marijuana."
Medical Cannabis
While in most states medical cannabis would mean any plant of the genus Cannabis used for medical purposes, in Florida the Department of Health distinctly defines medical cannabis as being separate from low-THC cannabis. In Florida's medical medical marijuana program medical cannabis is any cannabis plant, or products derived from, such as resins, extracts, concentrates and mixtures, that contain more than 0.8% THC.
MMJ
MMJ is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana and is commonly used within the medical marijuana industry. MMJ Doctor is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana Doctor.
MMTC
MMTC is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana Treatment Center and is a term used in Florida's medical marijuana law and refers to an entity that acquires, cultivates, possesses, processes (including development of related products such as food, tinctures, aerosols, oils, or ointments), transfers, transports, sells, distributes, dispenses, or administers marijuana, products containing marijuana, related supplies, or educational materials to qualifying patients or their caregivers and is registered by the Florida Department of Health.
OCU
OCU is an abbreviation for Office of Compassionate Use and was the office within the Florida Department of Health (DOH) that regulated the medical marijuana industry in Florida and administrated the Compassionate Use Registry. However, these days the OCU has switched to a more appropriate acronym OMMU or Office of Medical Marijuana Use.
OMMU
OMMU is an acronym for Office of Medical Marijuana Use. The OMMU is the body within the Florida Department of Health that regulates the medical marijuana industry and administrates the Compassionate Use Registry.
Phenotype
Phenotype refers to a plants characteristics that are affected by the environment in which they are grown. This means that two plants that may be of the same strain, or even clones from the same seed, can have characteristics that differ greatly depending on how and where the plants are grown. For example plants in colder conditions will tend to be shorter and more likely to produce purple leaves and flowers.
Pistil
Pistils are the "hairs" that protude from the cannabis plant's calyces. The pistils of a cannabis plant can range in color from white to red or orange. Pistils are found primarily on female cannabis plants but are also present on male and hermaphrodite cannabis plants.
Route
A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. In terms of the Florida medical marijuana program there are 5 different routes for ingesting medical marijuana: inhalation, oral, topical, sublingual and suppository.
Ruderalis
Ruderalis, or Cannabis ruderalis, is a specie of cannabis that originates from Russia. Ruderalis is far less common than it's indica and sativa cousins due to it's short stature, low yield, and low levels of THC. However, it is abundant in CBD and has an interesting characteristic called "auto-flower", which means that the plant will automatically start to flower based on the age of the plant and not on the plant's light cycle. The high CBD and auto-flower characteristics of ruderalis have made it more popular over the years as more and more hybrids are being crossed with ruderalis due to these characteristics.
Sativa
Sativa, or Cannabis sativa, is a specie of cannabis that originated outside of Asia and the Middle East in places like Africa, South America, Thailand and the Caribbean Islands. Compared to their indica and ruderalis cousins, Cananbis sativa plants tend to grow much taller, take longer to flower, and generally have higher THC and less CBD. The higher THC and less CBD of the Cannabis sativa means that sativas tend to produce more of a psychoactive effect and less of a physical or sedative effect when compared to indica or ruderalis.
Strain
Strain refers to a specific variety or breed of cannabis plant. Strains are usually created by breeders who selectively cross breed two or more cannabis plants together to produce a hybrid plant with desired characteristics from each of it's parents, but strains can also be created randomly when two plants of a different specie cross pollenate either in nature or sometimes accidentally in a grow setting when a grower forgets to remove a male plant from the grow. Strains are not always created by cross breeding two parents of different types, but can also be made by inbreeding a plant with it's parent in order to magnify the properties of the parent plant into what might be considered a more desirable genome. In the medical marijuana industry there are hundreds if not thousands of different strains with new strains being created each year.
THC
THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as delta-9-tetracannabinol, the primary chemical in the cannabis plant that produces the cerebral effect or "high". THC is part of a group of chemicals found in nature called cannabinoids. THC is the most commonly known cannabinoid and is also the most abundant of the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. THC has been shown to have several medicinal properties including: reducing nausea and vomiting, pain relief, stimulate appetite and suppressing muscle spasms. THC was first isolated in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam and Yechiel Gaoni at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Isreal. THC has since been synthesized and is the active ingredient in Dronabinol, a pharmaceutical drug marketed as Marinol.
Tincture
Tincture is liquid cannabis extract made by dissolving marijuana in alcohol or glycerol. Tincture usually comes in a small glass container with a screw top the doubles as a dropper used for dosing. Most tincture is administered by using a dropper to place a specified amount under the tongue (sublingual) where it is absorbed more rapidly than if digested in the stomach. Tincture is often flavored and can be mixed with other ingredients such as safflower oil.
Trichome
Trichomes are glands located throughout the cannabis plant that secret resin. Trichomes can be seen on the cannabis plant due to the resin they secrete appearing as "crystals" on the plant's surface. Trichomes are where most of the cannabis plant's cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, are produced and stored. Trichomes are mostly found on the cannabis plant's colas (or flowers) and is why most people throw away the stems and leaves of the cannabis plant (due to their lack of trichomes and therefore cannabinoids.)
Vaporizer
A vaporizer is a device that it used to turn marijuana into a vapor so that it can be inhaled. Vaporizers work by placing a piece of marijuana bud or oil into a chamber, the chamber is then heated by a nearby filament, heating the marijuana just enough so that vapor expels from the marijuana, these vapors are then inhaled by the user. Vaporizers are considered a healthier alternative to smoking since the marijuana is not burned and therefore less carbon and other chemicals are produced and inhaled when using vaporizers.

Get Your Cannabis Card

Schedule an evaluation with a cannabis doctor in Florida.

Schedule Cannabis Doctor Evaluation