Florida Medical Marijuana Glossary | MMJ Definitions

Below is a list of definitions for terms that are used on this site as well as terms that are used in the medical marijuana industry in Florida and in general.

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BHO
BHO is an acronym for butane hash oil and refers to cannabis extract that was made by dissolving cannabis buds in butane, which is a solvent that extracts the THC from the cannabis buds.
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Bud
Bud refers to female cannabis flowers that have been trimmed and dried out for use.
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Cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. There are currently 85 known cannabinoids and scientist are still searching for new cannabinoids. The human body has cannabinoid receptors, that when stimulated with cannaboids, like those from the cannabis plant, can produce a variety of effects including pain relief and other psychoactive effects. THC is the most widely known of the cannabinoids, not only because of it's abundance in the cannabis plant, but also because it is known as the chemical in marijuana that produces the "high" feeling.
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Cannabis
Cannabis is a plant genus of flowering plants that are native to Asia and includes three main species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Marijuana is the more commonly used term for cannabis, although it usually only refers to the female plants and their dried buds.
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Cannabis Delivery Device
According to the Florida Department of Health's Office of Compassionate Use a cannabis delivery device is an object intended for use or designed for use in preparing, storing, ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing low-THC cannabis or medical cannabis into the body.
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Caregiver
Generally speaking a caregiver is a person who takes care of another person, usually because the person is unable to take care of themselves due to sickness, age or disability. In the marijuana industry caregivers are people who can legally buy and possess medical marijuana on behalf of a patient, although they may not legally consume the marijuana unless they are a medical marijuana patient themselves. In many states caregivers are also allowed to grow cannabis plants for the medical marijuana patient, however in Florida this is not the case. In Florida's medical marijuana program a caregiver is specifically defined as a person who is at least twenty-one (21) years old who has agreed to assist with a qualifying patient's medical use of marijuana and has qualified for and obtained a caregiver identification card issued by the Florida Department of Health. Also in Florida the Department of Health may limit the number of qualifying patients a caregiver may assist at one time and the number of caregivers that a qualifying patient may have at one time, and caregivers in Florida are prohibited from consuming marijuana obtained for medical use by the qualifying patient.
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CBD
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of the main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, and is usually second in abundance behind THC in volume for most cannabis plants. CBD has been proven effective in helping to relieve pain, inflammation, and anxiety. CBD also counteracts the psychoactive effects of THC and other cannabinoids so that the use does not get as much of a "stoned" or "spaced out" feeling.
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Concentrates
Concentrates are a more potent form cannabis in which the cannabinoids of the plant are extracted, usually by dissolving the cannabis plant into a solvent, then boiling away the solvent. Concentrates come in varying forms and potency. The most potent concentrates are wax and hash oil. Concentrates are often mixed in with other ingredients to make other products like cannabis butter (cannabis extract mixed with butter,) or safflower oil (and other oils) to make tincture with.
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Dispensary
A dispensary is an organization that dispenses medical marijuana to patients. In Florida dispensaries may also be refered to as MMTCs, short for Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers, but most people use the term dispensary to describe a place or organization that distributes medical marijuana.
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Evaluation
An evaluation refers to a medical assessment made by a licensed physician who is certified by the State's medical marijuana program in which the physician assesses whether or not a patient may benefit from the use of medical marijuana. If the physician makes an assessment that the patient may benefit from the use of medical marijuana then the physician will sign a certificate for the patient recommending them for the medical marijuana program. This certificate is then sent to the Department of Health, after which the patient is then enrolled into the medical marijuana program and issued a medical marijuana identification card.
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Flowers
Flowers are the part of the cannabis plant that contain the calyx and pistils (or hairs). Flowers may also be known as colas. The flowers of the plant can have different colors depending on the strain, with some flowers being more green and other purple or red. The flower is also the part of the plant that contains the most cannabinoids and are often the only part of the plant that is kept when the plant is harvested.
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Hemp
Hemp is a fibrous product of the cannabis plant that can be used to make clothing, rope, paper, biofuels, plastic-like materials, bird seed, and even beauty products (from hemp seed oil.) Although hemp has little to no THC, the main ingredient in cannabis that get's the user "high", it is still deemed illegal in many areas, leading to many conspiracy theories where culprits such as the cotton industry or oil industry are using their lobbying power to block the legalization of hemp. However in recent years many states have begun to legalize hemp production for industrial purposes. In 2014 Colorado, Kentucky and Vermont all planted small research crops. While other states like Tennessee and Oregon have already passed legislation.
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Hybrid
Hybrid plants are cannabis plants that have been crossed from one or more heirloom strains. Most hybrids will be a mix of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, with Cannabis ruderalis rarely being used. And most hybrids will also be derived from hybrids themselves with cannabis breeders selecting different characteristics that they like from each strain mixing them together. Although the plant's phenotype may vary with each seed giving them subtle differences even within the same strain.
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Hydroponic
Hydroponic is a way of growing cannabis (or any plant) in a medium other than soil. The plant is grown in water with fertilizers added, and a system is setup to keep the roots moist with this solution. There are many different hydroponic systems such as ebb and flow, aquaponics, areoponics, NFT, and many others. Hydroponics are known for having cleaner flavors with less "earthy" tones.
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Indica
Indica, formally known as Cannabis indica, is a species of cannabis that is predominantly from the Middle East and Asia regions. Indicas are known for their high CBD and more "relaxing" feeling and include strains with names such as "Kush" or "Afghan". The Cannabis indica plants tend to shorter and bushier with wider leafs than their Cannabis sativa counterparts.
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Keif
Keif is the trichomes or "crystals" on the cannabis plant after they are removed and separated from the bud in a process known as "dekeifing". This keif can then be concentrated even more or used as a concentrate in edibles and other products.
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Kush
Kush refers to a line of Cannabis indica strains that originate from Hindu Kush mountains in Pakistan and Afghanistan and are known for their dense buds and earthy aromas.
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Landrace
Landrace refers to cannabis strains that hail from specific geographical areas and are often named after the geographical locations where they originate from. Examples include Afghani, Hawaiian, Mexican, Thai and many others.
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Low-THC
Low-THC is cannabis that has low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and much higher levels of cannabidiol (CBD). Because of it's low levels of THC, the psychoactive compound of the plant, and high levels of CBD, an anti-psychotic compound that counteracts the effects of THC, low-THC cannabis does not give the user a "high" feeling. According to the Florida medical marijuana law a cannabis plant is defined as low-THC if it contains less than 0.8% THC and at least 10% CBD, and any derivatives of the plant that are sold must also contain equally low THC and high CBD such as resins, extracts, concentrates and mixtures.
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Marijuana
Marijuana is traditionally used as a slang term for cannabis but these days is more commonly known and used than the formal term cannabis. Marijuana usually refers to female cannabis plants as only female plants yield an abundance of cannabinoids which is the component of the cannabis plant that is has medicinal and psychotropic effects. In Florida's medical marijuana program the term "marijuana" has the meaning given cannabis in Section 893.02(3), Florida Statutes (2014), and, in addition, "Low- THC cannabis" as defined in Section 381.986(1)(b), Florida Statutes (2014), is also included in the meaning of the term "marijuana."
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Medical Cannabis
While in most states medical cannabis would mean any plant of the genus Cannabis, in Florida the Department of Health distinctly defines medical cannabis as being separate from low-THC cannabis. In Florida's medical medical marijuana program medical cannabis is any cannabis plant, or products derived from, such as resins, extracts, concentrates and mixtures, that contain more than 0.8% THC, the psychoactive compound of the plant that gives the user a "high" feeling.
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MMJ
MMJ is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana and is commonly used within the medical marijuana industry.
MMJ Doctor is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana Doctor.
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MMTC
MMTC is an abbreviation for Medical Marijuana Treatment Center and is a term used in Florida's medical marijuana law and refers to an entity that acquires, cultivates, possesses, processes (including development of related products such as food, tinctures, aerosols, oils, or ointments), transfers, transports, sells, distributes, dispenses, or administers marijuana, products containing marijuana, related supplies, or educational materials to qualifying patients or their caregivers and is registered by the Florida Department of Health.
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OCU
OCU is an abbreviation for Office of Compassionate Use and is the office within the Florida Department of Health (DOH) that regulates the medical marijuana industry in Florida and administrates the Compassionate Use Registry.
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Phenotype
Phenotype refers to a plants characteristics that are affected by the environment in which they are grown. This means that two plants that may be of the same strain, or even clones from the same seed, can have characteristics that differ greatly depending on how and where the plants are grown. For example plants in colder conditions will tend to be shorter and more likely to produce purple leaves and flowers.
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Pistil
Pistils are the "hairs" that protude from the cannabis plant's calyces. The pistils of a cannabis plant can range in color from white to red or orange. Pistils are found primarily on female cannabis plants but are also present on hermaphrodite cannabis plants. The purpose of a pistil on a female cannabis plant is to catch male pollen as the male pollen drifts pass in the air.
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Ruderalis
Ruderalis, or Cannabis ruderalis, is a specie of cannabis that originates from Russia. Ruderalis is far less common than it's indica and sativa cousins due to it's short stature, low yield, and low levels of THC. However, it is abundant in CBD and has an interesting characteristic called "auto-flower", which means that the plant will automatically start to flower based on the age of the plant and not on the plant's light cycle. The high CBD and auto-flower characteristics of ruderalis have made it more popular over the years as more and more hybrids are being crossed with ruderalis due to these characteristics.
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Sativa
Sativa, or Cannabis sativa, is a specie of cannabis that originated outside of Asia and the Middle East in places like Africa, South America, Thailand and the Caribbean Islands. Compared to their indica and ruderalis cousins, Cananbis sativa plants tend to grow much taller, take longer to flower, and generally have higher THC and less CBD. The higher THC and less CBD of the Cannabis sativa means that sativas tend to produce more of a psychoactive effect and less of a physical or sedative effect when compared to indica or ruderalis.
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Strain
Strain refers to a specific variety or breed of cannabis plant. Strains are usually created by breeders who selectively cross breed two or more cannabis plants together to produce a hybrid plant with desired characteristics from each of it's parents, but strains can also be created randomly when two plants of a different specie cross pollenate either in nature or sometimes accidently in a grow setting when a grower forgets to remove a male plant from the grow. Strains are not always created by cross breeding two parents of different types, but can also be made by inbreeding a plant with it's parent in order to magnify the properties of the parent plant into what might be considered a superior genome. In the marijuana industry there are hundreds if not thousands of different strains with new strains being created each year.
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THC
THC is an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as delta-9-tetracannabinol, the primary chemical in the cannabis plant that produces the cerebral effect or "high". THC is part of a group of chemicals found in nature called cannabinoids. THC is the most commonly known cannabinoid and is also the most abundant of the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. THC has been shown to have several medicinal properties including: reducing nausea and vomiting, pain relief, stimulate appetite and suppressing muscle spasms. THC was first isolated in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam and Yechiel Gaoni at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Isreal. THC has since been synthesized and is the active ingredient in Dronabinol, a pharmaceutical drug marketed as Marinol.
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Tincture
Tincture is liquid cannabis extract made by dissolving marijuana in alcohol or glycerol. Tincture usually comes in a small glass container with a screw top the doubles as a dropper used for dosing. Most tincture is administered by using a dropper to place a specified amount under the tongue where it is absorbed more rapidly than if digested in the stomach. Tincture is often flavored and can be mixed or "cut" with other ingredients such as safflower oil.
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Trichome
Trichomes are glands located throughout the cannabis plant that secret resin. Trichomes can be seen on the cannabis plant due to the resin they secrete appearing as "crystals" on the plant's surface. Trichomes are where most of the cannabis plant's cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, are produced and stored. Trichomes are mostly found on the cannabis plant's colas (or flowers) and is why most people throw away the stems and leaves of the cannabis plant (due to their lack of trichomes and therefore cannabinoids.)
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Vaporizer
A vaporizer is a device that it used to turn marijuana into a vapor so that it can be inhaled. Vaporizers work by placing a piece of marijuana bud or oil into a chamber, the chamber is then heated by a nearby filament, heating the marijuana just enough so that vapor expels from the marijuana, these vapors are then inhaled by the user. Vaporizers are considered a healthier alternative to smoking since the marijuana is not burned and therefore less carbon and other chemicals are produced and inhaled when using vaporizers.
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Wax
Wax is a slang term for BHO, a form of marijuana concentrate.
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Weed
Weed is a slang term for cannabis.

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